Stichting Childrenshome

financiele adoptie van weeskinderen in India

deel onze site:



SJDT reaching out to the most vulnerable children (Juvenile Delinquents) over 20 years.
 

Increasing complexity of modern life and the stresses of under development and poverty up on societies in transitional phases has increased the vulnerability of children. The concept of child rights has also evolved from basic concept of protection to a more encompassing and much broader spectrum of physical and psychological needs. It now includes rights that guarantees the survival, protection, development and participation which in turn can further encompass right to adequate living conditions access to medical services, right to education, accesses to information, play, leisure, recreation, cultural activities and the freedom of thought, conscience and religion. The right to be protected from all kinds of exploitation cruelty and abuse. Moreover all undertakings concerning children wether by public or private intuitions the child's but interest shall be the major consideration.

The problem facing children differ in the case of developing countries such as India. Population struggling with poverty the issues is of survival. Adequate food and health care and basic education are most pressing needs of these children.

The survival struggle for children starts at very moment of its conception. The fetus faces two types of abuses. One in morbidity and feticide escaping this then the child faces death due to low birth weight, malnutrition and poor delivery mechanism. Diarrhea, neonatal tetanus and acute respiratory infections continue to be the biggest killers and iodine deficiency a major threat to the mental and physical well being of millions of children. Escaping these killer diseases the children nowadays face another set of new threats such as HIV and Hepatitis.

Following these challenges then come the struggle for accesses to quality education. It is during this time the fleecing private educational Institutions and tempting middle men for child labor market came as a major threat. Thus many children end up in adult world doing adult job.

A very week legal system failed to provide protection to these children. Though there are laws that prevent child trafficking, child labor, child marriage, and child abuse ect. But yet many children still fall prey victims to these monsters.

SJDT started to work with these victims 20 years ago and still continue to work with them.  I hereby attach a paper we developed highlighting the status of Indian children and what we can do in the future for restoring their rights so that the children our future is secure and safe.

Thanking You.

Yours fraternally in Xt

Dr. I. Sebastian M.A. MBA
Executive Director.


THE COMMUNITY of CHILDREN,  

The Need for CARE- CUSTODY and CURRICULUM

“The poor sustainability of the various programmes meant for children is another major concern to be addressed in a more serious fashion and passion”

Tamil Nadu Social Development Report


The Supreme National Asset – In Serious Trouble:

The National Policy of Children in India – 2013 defines children of India as “The Supreme National Asset”. But in reality the children are facing series problems from womb to tomb which has been shared in various platforms and forums. When we trace the pages of history and the various reports on development of children reveals that the children in India are the most vulnerable and high risk community who are in need of Care in terms of Nutrition and Custody interms of Care and Support and Curriculum in terms of Education.  Here this dispensation has wide range of elements associated with it. It is also vital to note that there are violations of the provisions in the laws related to children and violences against the children are on the higher order. This is worse in the case of girl children. None of the 32 states in the country is left out aloof in this regard. On the contrary the efforts are made by various stakeholders to overcome in this context for the past few decades but the results are not encouraging but the need is increasing day by day. The supreme national asset has now become suffering asset of the nation. 

Children in India: An Overview

The status of children in the country as whole in the context of birth, education, labour and nutrition are clearly spelled out in various occasions which adds value and limelight to the efforts to have care, support and sustainability of efforts towards development of the children in the country as whole are;

  • Comparing the results of 2002-04 and 2008-10, Sex ratio at birth declined in Tamil Nadu (decline of 19 points) and Orissa (decline of 6 points) whereas all the other bigger States showed improvement during this period.
  • To be precise the various provisions at the national level are listed as:

    Laws – 20

    Commissions – 1

    Policies – 8

    Programs/ Schemes - 17

    The State/ UTs which have achieved 100% level of birth registration in 2007 are Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab,Tamil nadu, Chandigarh, Lakshadeep and Puducherry
  • The percentage of infant deaths to total deaths varies substantially across the states. From moderate level of 2.8% in Kerala, 5.0% in Tamil Nadu to as high as 21.8% in Rajasthan , 21.2% in Uttar Pradesh, 20.4% in Madhya Pradesh with other states figuring in between these states. The percentage of under five deaths to total deaths ranges from 3.2% in Kerala 5.9% in Tamil Nadu to 27.6% in Uttar Pradesh, 26.6% in Rajasthan, 26.4%in Madhya Pradesh, 26.7% in Bihar while other states figure in between these states.
  • There is considerable increase in the absolute number of child labour between 1991 and 2001 in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Bihar, West Bengal, Haryana, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Nagaland, Assam, Meghalaya, and Delhi, whereas the States of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Orissa, Gujarat and Kerala have shown significant decline in the number of child labour.
  • GER at upper primary level is low, but had shown considerable improvement of 16.8 percentage points in the four years between 2005 and 2009. NER at upper primary is a cause of concern. It varies from 35.76% in Sikkim to 90.51% in Tamil Nadu. Thus, although more children are entering the education system, many are not progressing through the system. Upper primary NER at 58.3% gives a clear indication of the ground to be covered.
  • In 2011, 69% of cases of human trafficking are cases booked under Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956, though there is a decline of 2.6% in 2011 compared to 2010. Andra Pradesh accounted for 20.4% and Tamil nadu accounted for 17.2% cases of cases under this category, in 2011
  • The highest number of juvenile delinquency cases under Special and Local Laws was reported from Tamil Nadu (23.7%) of total juvenile crimes under SLL followed by Chhattisgarh (18.1%), Gujarat (16.4%), Maharashtra (10.4%) and Madhya Pradesh (9.7%).

It is vital to make a note that India is one of the countries which has come out with a series of laws, policies, mechanisms and other provisions in the context of protection of children, But the experiences reveal that there is a pressing need for a comprehensive methodology to address the issues associated with the growth and development of children.

The Plight of Children in Tamil Nadu:

The various issues associated in the context of development of children in the state are reported prominently are 606 cases during the year 2014. 


As like the national scenario the state of Tamil Nadu is nevertheless equal and travelling on the same lines in the context of the plight of the children at the national level. To take in to account there are a series of programmes implemented in the state for development of children when compared with that of the other states but still Tamil Nadu is lagging behind. Some of the key issues the children are facing in the state are expressed below. The situation is complex but not expressed in a structured manner. 

 To be in particular the various aspects associated in the context of the present concept of community of children in need of Care – Custody and Curriculum are stated as;

  • More than 30 per cent of children in Tamil Nadu aged under 5 years are underweight, raising serious concerns about their healthy growth and development. More than 30 per cent of adolescent girls (15–19 years) and half of pregnant women (15-19 years) are anaemic. Only 52 per cent of children are exclusively breastfed for six months.
  • The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Tamil Nadu is 22 deaths per 1000 live births. Although this is lower than the national average, almost three quarters of infant deaths in the state occur within 28 days of birth and 77 per cent of neonatal deaths occur within the first seven days of life (Early Neonatal Mortality).

The state reports a child sex ratio (0-6 age group) of 943 females to 1000 males, which is lower than the State’s sex ratio of 996 to 1000. The child sex ratio for rural Tamil Nadu is further lower than the State ratio at 943 to 1000. According to the 2011 census, there are seven districts where the child sex ratio is much below the state average Cuddalore (896), Ariyalur (897), Perambalur (913), Dharmapuri (913), Namakkal (914), Krishnagiri (926), and Salem (916).

  • According the 2011 census, 1.4 per cent of children in Tamil Nadu aged under 14 years work as child labourers. The constant challenge in child protection is the huge inflow of migrants and their children working in labour intensive sectors such as construction, brick kilns and cotton seed production.

 

  • Child sexual abuse and violence against children are serious concerns in Tamil Nadu. The National Crime Records Bureau reported that child rape cases increased from 292 in 2012 to 419 in 2013.

 

  • ​While the state has reached a commendable 100 per cent enrolment rate at primary school level, quality and equity in education remain a concern. Specifically, the transition from elementary to secondary and higher secondary education need special attention.

 

  • ​More than 75 per cent of rural households do not have toilets, while about 25 per cent of the urban population does not have access to toilets. Where toilets are constructed, only one third of family members use them.

Thus, the alarming situation in the state has resulted in the pressing to come out with a comprehensive to address the issue in a more systematic and structured manner wherein the children can get an opportunity to grow and experience the positive change. This is possible when we could arrive at a framework which has the require provisions for all round development like education, health and nutrition, career guidance and support etc. Some of the key aspects to take in to account are;

GOAL:

Protection from violence against children, negligence who are at risk and being vulnerable and are from most marginalised communities  by ensuring access to quality education, providing health care, nutrition and support, career guidance and counselling to make them as role models for others in their respective communities.   

OBJECTIVES:

To prevent and rescue children from bonded labour system, prevent Trafficking of girl children from industries, Protect children from sexual violence in industries and agricultural farms.
To strengthen the formal Education system and ensure better accessibility of education to the children by guaranteeing Quality Education.
Nurture and sensitise children as socially responsible and active citizens and provide them with all care and support in terms of health and nutrition, guidance support and counselling etc ,

Thus, the following framework is evolved and can be put in practice in the present context. 

Identification of the Children in Need